iot vs iiot vs industry 4.0 erqos article cover image

What is IoT, IIoT and Industry 4.0 in Automation

What is IoT (Internet of Things)?

Initially, people connected desktops, laptops, and phones to the internet to communicate and search for information. The Internet of Things (IoT) extends this connectivity. It allows users to monitor and control devices via the internet. It also enables these devices to communicate with each other. IoT encompasses everyday objects like household items and wearable tech. It also includes more complex systems like smart hot tubs, pools, solar farms, and irrigation systems, all designed to improve efficiency and convenience.

What is iot?
Internet access before and after internet of things (iot).
Initially, machines connected to the internet only to allow people to communicate and search for information. IoT now enables devices to connect online to communicate with each other, access information, and be remotely controlled and monitored by users.
Internet access before and after IoT
Connection Bond Connect Networking Togetherness Concept

Exploring Centralized IoT Approach vs. Standalone Devices

IoT systems vary widely, ranging from simple tasks like changing your living room light color via your smartphone to monitoring and controlling multiple buildings. The vast array of IoT applications and the varying complexities of their integration raises many questions about the best approach to development.

Two main approaches can streamline the development of these varied IoT systems. The first uses a central command unit that interfaces with all peripheral devices and manages the IoT functionalities of the application. This central hub manages all communication and data processing across the network. The second approach involves using independent smart devices, where each is dedicated to performing simple tasks and equipped with its own IoT capabilities, allowing for decentralized operation and direct communication with user applications or cloud services.